This depiction of the Red-Crested Woodpecker is taken from The Natural History of Carolina, Florida, and the Bahama Islands (1731-1747) by famed naturalist Mark Catesby. He was one of several 18th-century explorers who ventured to remote areas of the world to document regional flora and fauna. A copy of the 1771 edition of the two-volume work is in the Colonial Williamsburg Foundation collection. Describing this bird,
Catesby wrote, "the whole crown of the head is adorned with a large scarlet crest."
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